Here's what all those numbers and letters in an Intel chip mean when you're buying a new computer
Intel makes it pretty easy to tell performance models against lower-end models. You can usually tell straight away by the 3, 5, or 7 number after the "i" in "Core iX."
But then there are those extra numbers and letters that usually come after the "Core iX" part, numbers which actually tell you a little more about the chip's performance, and ultimately the performance of the computer you're thinking of buying.
Here's what those the numbers and letters mean in Intel's chips:
You're most likely to see Intel's 'Core' line of processors, like 'Intel Core i3 8130U.' There are other lines of Intel processors, like 'Pentium,' but we're going to stick to the most common 'Core' line
The number next to the 'i' after 'Core' represents the kind of overarching performance a chip has
A Core "i3" chip is on the lower end of performance that's best suited for budget computers.
A Core "i5" chip is on the mid-range of performance that's suited for casual users and power users on a budget. A Core "i7" chip is on the higher end of performance that's suited for power users and professionals for power-hungry apps like Photoshop or video editing.
The first of the four numbers on Intel's Core chips represents the generation of the chip
Intel's eighth and latest generation of chips will always have an "8" as the first number in the four-numbered grouping after the "iX" part.
The seventh generation will have a "7," and so on.
The lower the number, the older the generation. When you're buying a new computer, you're generally avoiding those with chips that are two or more generations behind the latest generation.
The three following numbers after the generation number represent performance. The higher the numbers, the more powerful the chip
For example, an Intel Core i5 "8400" will be less powerful than a Core i5 "8600."
The major difference is "clock speed" and "boost clock speed." The higher the clock speeds, the faster the chip can process what you want.
The Core i5 8400 has a clock speed of 2.80 GHz and a boost clock speed of 4.0GHz. Meanwhile, the Core i5 8600 can process things faster with a higher clock speed of 3.1GHz and a boost clock speed of 4.30GHz.
A casual user could opt for a cheaper computer with the Core i5 8400, while a power user on a budget could opt for computers with the slightly more expensive Core i5 8600 for an extra boost of power.
These numbers make a smaller difference than the number in the "iX" part, but they're still important.
What the letters mean after the numbers
Intel's chips have letters like "K" and "U" after the numbers that give you an idea of what kind of purpose and performance the computer is designed for.
Some computers have Intel chips without any letters. Those are the standard, base chip models.
The "K" chips are usually the fastest, with higher clock speeds than the standard chips without a letter in Intel's mainstream chips. It also means the chip is "unlocked," where its clock speeds can be tweaked — or "overclocked — by a user to squeeze out a little extra performance than what you get out of the box. Usually, it's mostly enthusiasts who tend to overclock their chips, and they're mostly designed for desktops or high-performance laptops.
The "G" means the chip has a built-in graphics processor. Most of Intel's chips come with basic built-in graphics processors so you can display something on your monitor without an entirely separate graphics card. But Intel's "G" processors come with a more powerful graphics processor for more power-hungry apps and games. Surprisingly, the graphics processors in Intel's "G" chips come from the company's main rival, AMD. The "T" means the chips is designed to use less power while also having less performance than the standard chips without any letters.
The "U" means the chip is designed for laptops and mobile devices, as "U" chips are Intel's "ultra-low power" models. They're "low power" because they use even less power than the "T" models and have slower clock speeds than their full-size, non "U" equivalents. By having slower clock speeds, they don't get as hot and have a lower risk of heat-related damage. That's good for thin laptops that have limited cooling compared to larger desktops and laptops.
You can find more information about Intel's chip letters on Intel's site, where it shows what other letters mean on previous generation chips.
How the number of cores makes a difference
Cores make a big difference. The more cores you have, the faster you can make your apps do whatever you want them to do.
With Intel's eighth generation of chips, core count doesn't matter as much, as even the majority of the lower-end Core i3 chips have four cores. That should suffice for most casual users and even power users on a budget.
Chips with two cores are likely to be noticeably slower. And, as you'd expect, chips with more cores will be significantly faster.
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