US President Donald Trump (L) and China's President Xi Jinping leave a business leaders event at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing on November 9, 2017.
NICOLAS ASFOURI/AFP/Getty Images
  • President Donald Trump displayed pomp and conviction as he rolled out the first stage of an interim trade agreement with China in October.
  • But weeks later, the terms of that agreement have appeared increasingly uncertain.
  • China has resisted key US demands including agricultural quotas and efforts to scale back the forced transfer of technology.
  • For more stories go to the Business Insider South Africa homepage.

President Donald Trump displayed pomp and conviction as he rolled out the first stage of an interim trade agreement with China in October. But weeks later, the terms of that agreement have appeared increasingly uncertain.

Negotiators have hit several major roadblocks since the announcement of the unofficial agreement, which Trump said included unspecified commitments on issues at the center of the dispute that began in early 2018. The Chinese Commerce Ministry said Thursday it still expected the US to lift punitive tariffs on its imports, which Trump has sharply rejected.

"China has emphasised many times that the trade war began with additional tariffs and should end with the cancellation of additional tariffs," ministry spokesperson Gao Feng said in a press briefing, adding that the degree of duty cancellation should reflect the "importance" of a deal.

Trump has not only pushed back against such a stipulation, but also warned this week that further tariff increases could be ahead. White House trade hawks view those tariffs as a key source of leverage, as they attempt to pressure China to change the way it manages its economy.

But China has resisted key US demands including efforts to scale back the forced transfer of technology, according to The Wall Street Journal. Negotiators have separately clashed over the best way to enforce an agreement, an issue that contributed to a breakdown of nearly a dozen rounds of trade talks in May.

China has also not said whether it would buy up to $50 billion (R739 billion) worth of American agricultural products, which the Trump administration touted as part of the agreement. The country could be reluctant to take on that large of an influx, which would be more than double the amount it imported in 2017.

The White House, the Office of the US Trade Representative and the Chinese embassy in Washington did not respond to emails requesting comment.

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