The photo Trump tweeted out from a classified briefing likely came from one of the US's most secretive spy satellites
- President Donald Trump released a photo Friday from a classified intelligence briefing in a tweet taunting Iran after another failed rocket launch.
- The photo appears to have come from a classified US surveillance asset, a KH-11 satellite known as USA-224. The satellite is one of the US's most secretive assets, and experts say the photo Trump tweeted could be a windfall for hostile adversaries like Russia and China.
- The capabilities of these satellites are closely-guarded secrets, and people have previously been sent to prison for leaking photos from them.
- "We had a photo and I released it, which I have the absolute right to do," Trump, who has ultimate declassification authority as president, said after releasing the photo.
- For more stories go to www.BusinessInsider.co.za.
Specifically, the photo is believed to have come from a US KH-11 spy satellite called USA-224.
"These are high resolution optical satellites that resemble the Hubble Space Telescope but look down to Earth instead of to the heavens," Marco Langbroek, a Dutch expert who tracks satellites, wrote recently.
Trump's tweet came a day after an Iranian rocket designed to carry satellites into space exploded on the launchpad last Thursday, NPR reported.
Commercial satellite imagery of the blast was made publicly available after the incident, but the photo in Trump's tweet was of a much higher resolution and better quality, leaving experts flabbergasted.
"I've never seen anything like this before," Dave Schmerler, the leading expert on open source imagery analysis who analyzed the Planet Labs photos provided to NPR, told Insider's Alex Lockie. "I know that [the US military has] amazing capabilities, but I don't know what this is."
The United States of America was not involved in the catastrophic accident during final launch preparations for the Safir SLV Launch at Semnan Launch Site One in Iran. I wish Iran best wishes and good luck in determining what happened at Site One. pic.twitter.com/z0iDj2L0Y3— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) August 30, 2019
Cees Bassa, a professional astronomer who works for ASTRON, the Netherlands Institute for Radio Astronomy, was among the first to suggest that based on the features of the launchpad in the photo and the positioning of the camera, the image likely came from the USA-224.
Michael Thompson, a Purdue University graduate student studying astrodynamics and spacecraft navigation, also used publicly available data to determine the USA-224 passed over the Iranian space center Thursday, Spaceflight Now reported.
Bassa explained that these satellites, known as Keyhole satellites, "are believed to produce the sharpest images of the Earth's surface."
Langbroek was also able to simulate the view from the USA-224, and it was a match to the photo Trump tweeted out. "It is a very good match so there is no doubt in my mind that it is an image taken by USA-224," Langbroek wrote on Twitter.
I simulated the view from USA 224 (ADVANCED CRYSTAL optical reconnaissance satellite) towards the #Iranian launch platform. Simulation is for 09:44:23 UT when sat was at 43.97 deg elevation, azimuth 194.7 deg.Simulation & real image compared:@mhanham @trbrtc @nktpnd @cgbassa pic.twitter.com/qURATXpfuU— Dr Marco Langbroek (@Marco_Langbroek) August 31, 2019
Melissa Hanham, a satellite imagery expert, told NPR she was initially skeptical that a photo of that quality could have actually come from a satellite.
"When I saw the image, it was so crystal clear and high-resolution that I did not believe it could come from a satellite," she said, acknowledging that the latest analysis is convincing and suggests that the USA-224 was "very likely" the source of the photo.
Intelligence veterans have suggested that the president's tweet might be a windfall for potential adversaries, even if the photo in the tweet appears to be a photo of a photo.
"One doesn't use intel for the purposes of taunting. The Russians and the Chinese will be very happy to study this," Robert Deitz, a former top lawyer at the CIA and the National Security Agency, told Insider.
"I imagine adversaries are going to take a look at this image and reverse-engineer it," Hanham told NPR.
Defending his decision last week, Trump told reporters, "We had a photo and I released it, which I have the absolute right to do."
But former officials stressed that even though, as president, Trump has the authority to declassify anything he wants, he is still expected to act with the utmost discretion.
Trump's "release of the image was consistent with his disdain for foreign policy and intelligence expertise," John Sipher, a former CIA clandestine services officer who spent 28 years at the agency, told Insider. "If he sees an immediate personal or political benefit, he does not feel any need to follow rules, regulations, protocol, or even laws."
"I still remember being warned about carefully controlling top secret information 'whose unauthorised disclosure could result in exceptionally grave danger to the nation' and the penalties associated with violating our responsibilities," Bruce Klinger, a former CIA and DIA imagery analyst posted on Twitter.
The true capabilities of the $2 billion(R30 billion) KH-11 spy satellites are closely-guarded secrets, and people who have leaked those secrets have paid a price for it.
In the late 1970s, the former CIA employee William Kampiles was sentenced to 40 years in prison for espionage after he stole a instruction manual for the KH-11 satellites and sold it to the Soviets. In the 1980s, Samuel L. Morison, a Navy intelligence analyst, was sentenced to jail time for leaking three classified KH-11 photos to the press.
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