President Donald Trump speaks at a rally on November 02, 2020 in Avoca, Pennsylvania.
  • The Trump campaign's legal challenge against the presidential election process in Pennsylvania — a state he needs to win reelection — identifies only about 14,000 votes it alleges are invalid.
  • US president Donald Trump is about 45,000 votes behind President-elect Joe Biden in the state.
  • The campaign says it doesn't understand why Delaware County revised the number of mail-in ballots it reported receiving, and that the 14,000 votes it can't account for should be invalidated.
  • It also cites 14 specific examples of allegedly problematic ballots.
  • Voter fraud is extremely rare. Only about six out of every 10 million votes cast results in a criminal conviction, according to the conservative-leaning Heritage Foundation.
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The Trump campaign has filed over a dozen lawsuits across five states over the 2020 election. But if he wants to overturn President-elect Joe Biden's projected victory, US President Donald Trump's path runs through Pennsylvania.

Trump would need to somehow dispute his Democratic rival's 45,000-and-counting vote lead in the state, and also win Arizona, Georgia, and Alaska.

But even Trump's own lawsuits don't offer the path to victory. In an 85-page complaint filed in a federal court in Pennsylvania on Monday, the campaign has identified only about 14,000 votes it disputes.

To be sure, the campaign alleges many other irregularities with the election in Pennsylvania. It says its poll watchers and election watchers didn't get the oversight to which they were entitled. It says ballots sent by mail were counted through a different process than ballots cast in person in a way that's unfair. It says voter rolls are outdated. And on the basis of all these things, it says that the entire state's votes should not be certified.

But when it comes to specific, real-life examples of votes that were incorrectly cast, counted, or left uncounted, the Trump campaign comes up with just a few examples.

The bulk of the votes it challenges are 14,000 in Delaware County, where Biden currently leads by 85,000 votes, according to Decision Desk HQ data published by Insider.

Delaware County reported receiving 113,000 mail-in ballots on November 4, the day after Election Day, and later revised that number to 127,000. The Trump campaign said it "received no explanation" for where those additional 14,000 ballots came from. A representative for the Delaware County board of elections didn't immediately respond to Insider's request for comment.

The lawsuit also alleges 14 other ballots it believes are problematic:

  • Two voters in Fayette County, Pennsylvania, who said they received mail-in ballots that were already filled out. Fayette County District Attorney Rich Bower said in October, in a local news article cited by the lawsuit, that he was addressing the incident.
  • Nine military ballots, in unmarked envelopes, found in a trash bin. Federal prosecutors said in September that they were investigating the incident. It's not clear if the votes were cast in the Pennsylvania primary or general election.
  • Two voters were allegedly permitted to vote in person even though poll workers recorded them as having already voted by mail, according to the lawsuit. The Trump campaign did not cite any source for this claim or name the people who were denied a vote, and the lawyers who filed the lawsuit didn't immediately respond to Insider's request for more information.
  • One voter was denied a provisional ballot after messing up the procedure for sending a mail ballot, according to the lawsuit. The Trump campaign didn't cite a source for the claim or name the person who was denied a vote, and the lawyers who filed the lawsuit didn't immediately respond to Insider's request for more information.

The total number of ballots the Trump campaign challenges falls well short of Biden's projected margin of victory.

Voter fraud is extremely rare in the US. The conservative-leaning Heritage Foundation found in a recent analysis that only about six out of every 10 million votes cast results in a criminal conviction. In arguing its case, the Trump campaign identified only three cases of voter fraud in Pennsylvania since 1999.

The Trump campaign is also attempting to join a Supreme Court case where the Pennsylvania state Republican party seeks to disqualify ballots that were sent in the mail by Election Day on November 3, but arrived at ballot processing centers later.

State officials have identified only 7,800 such ballots, Jacklin Rhoads, a spokeswoman for Pennsylvania Attorney General Josh Shapiro, told Bloomberg.

Even if Trump were to be completely victorious in both lawsuits, and every single one of those votes was for Biden, he still would not win Pennsylvania.

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