Indonesia, world's top cooking-oil exporter, to ban exports this week - it's sent global prices soaring

Business Insider US
Indonesia is the world's largest palm oil exporter.
  • Top palm-oil exporter Indonesia is planning to ban exports from this Thursday.
  • Palm oil is the world's most widely used vegetable oil used in cooking and a wide range of consumer products.
  • Palm oil and competing soybean oil prices are jumping on news of the ban.
  • For more stories visit Business Insider.

The world's top palm-oil producer announced that it will ban exports of the commodity starting Thursday, sending the prices of competing vegetable oils soaring.

Indonesia accounts for about half of the world's supply of palm oil, the world's most widely used vegetable oil. Palm oil is used for cooking and for the production of thousands of consumer products including biscuits, detergents, and lipsticks.

In a video statement on Friday, Indonesian President Joko Widodo said the move was designed to bring down domestic palm-oil prices and ensure domestic food availability in the wake of global food inflation.

"I will monitor and evaluate the implementation of this policy so availability of cooking oil in the domestic market becomes abundant and affordable," Widodo said, per a Reuters translation.

The move comes as Indonesia has seen recent protests over the high prices of cooking oil, with retail prices gaining more than 40% so far this year, according to Reuters.

The ban is expected to be in place until further notice. Indonesian palm-oil exports are worth about $30 billion a year, according to data provider Statista.

Indonesia's finance minister Sri Mulyani Indrawati told Reuters on Friday the palm oil ban would hurt other countries, but that it was necessary to contain the soaring domestic prices of cooking oil.

Benchmark crude palm-oil futures on the Bursa Malaysia exchange jumped as much as 7% on Monday morning. They are up over 40% year-to-date.

Alternative vegetable-oil prices also spiked in response to the impending ban on palm-oil exports in Indonesia. Benchmark Chicago soybean oil prices hit their highest levels since 2008, Reuters records show.

Prices of edible oil — including palm oil — have been rising due to the war in Ukraine, as the country is a large sunflower oil exporter. "Edible oils are often interchangeable, so a shortage of one type exerts pressure on the others," GRO Intelligence, a global agriculture data analysis firm, wrote in an April 23 note.

Gains in vegetable-oil prices are outpacing overall food-price increases, GRO Intelligence wrote in the report. US prices of a basket of common vegetable oils are up 41% on year, while food prices are up 25% on year.

"Indonesia's ban on exports is likely to further fuel global food inflation," the firm added.

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