Elon Musk's SpaceX says geomagnetic storm wiped out 40 of 49 Starlink satellites launched last week

Business Insider US
SpaceX CEO Elon Musk. Yasin Ozturk/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images
SpaceX CEO Elon Musk. Yasin Ozturk/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images
  • Elon Musk's SpaceX said it lost up to 40 of the 49 Starlink satellites that it launched on Thursday.
  • A geomagnetic storm on Friday prevented the satellites from reaching their orbital position.
  • The satellites will burn up in the Earth's atmosphere but won't produce orbital debris, SpaceX said.
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Elon Musk's SpaceX said it has lost up to 40 Starlink satellites that it launched into orbit last week because of a geomagnetic storm.

The aerospace company sent 49 Starlink satellites into low Earth orbit on Thursday via a Falcon 9 rocket.

Around 80% of those satellites were "significantly impacted" by a geomagnetic storm on Friday, SpaceX announced in a statement on Tuesday. 

Geomagnetic storms are triggered by disturbances between the Earth's magnetic field and charged particles from the sun, known as solar wind,  according to the Space Weather Prediction Center.

The speed and intensity of the storm caused the "atmospheric drag" to climb to levels 50% higher than previous launches, SpaceX said in the statement, making it harder for satellites to reach their orbital position.

SpaceX said that Starlink tried to fly the satellites in "safe-mode" to reduce atmospheric drag but they still weren't able to reach their intended destination.

Up to 40 of the satellites will reenter the Earth's atmosphere and burn up, with some already having done so, Musk's firm said. 

SpaceX said in the statement that the affected satellites won't collide with other satellites as they deorbit. There won't be any orbital debris, nor will any satellite parts hit Earth, SpaceX added.

SpaceX has launched more than 2,000 Starlink satellites into orbit, out of which nearly 1,900 are functioning.

Harvard astronomer Jonathan McDowell said in a Twitter post Tuesday that there had been a noticeable lack of updates on the most recent cluster of Starlink satellites before SpaceX eventually announced details of the problem.

In response to a Twitter user who asked if there had been similar incidents in the past, McDowell said, "Not that I can recall."

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