Statistics South Africa on Monday released its latest population estimates for the country. It reported that there are currently 57.73 million people living in South Africa.
Here are some of the key findings:
Gauteng has a population of 14.7 million - compared to KwaZulu-Natal (11.4 million) and Western Cape (6.6 million).
The growth rate in the number of elderly South Africans has almost doubled since 2002. This group is currently expanding by 3.21% a year.
On average, South Africa's fertility rate is 2.4 - which is on par with countries like India (2.4), Mexico (2.24) and Indonesia (2.1), but much higher than Brazil (1.7). The local fertility rate is less than half of that in other African countries like Mozambique (5.07) and Zambia (5.63).
Life expectancy at birth declined between 2002 and 2006, in largely due to the impact of the HIV and AIDS epidemic. It has since recovered thanks to health programmes to prevent mother to child transmission as well as access to antiretroviral treatment.
Life expectancy at birth for 2018 is currently estimated at 61.1 years for males and 67.3 years for females. This is far lower than Brazil (average life expectancy for both sexes of 75), Libya (72.7), Iraq (68.9) and India (68.3).
The latest figures show huge discrepancies between life expectancy in different provinces.
Also, the number of Aids-related deaths have halved in a decade.
Some 13% of the total population is HIV positive. HIV prevalence among the youth aged 15–24 has declined over time from 6.7% in 2002 to 5.5% in 2018.
Statistics SA projects that Gauteng will receive 483,451 migrants from outside SA in the five years to 2021. The Western Cape is projected to received 117,805.
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