Nobel laureate Paul Krugman said he likely fell for a phishing scam. Here's how phishing scams work and how to avoid them.
- New York Times columnist Paul Krugman tweeted Wednesday that he received a phone call indicating that hackers downloaded child pornography on his WiFi network.
- Krugman later said he realised that the phone call, which he thought was coming from his "computer security service," was likely a scam.
- The incident appears to be a case of phishing, wherein scammers pose as an authority or service provider in order to trick people into disclosing personal information.
- Cybersecurity experts say phishing is a rising threat, but that it's largely preventable.
- For more stories go to www.BusinessInsider.co.za.
Paul Krugman, the Nobel Prize-winning economist and columnist for the New York Times, took to Twitter Wednesday to share some alarming news.
"Well, I'm on the phone with my computer security service, and as I understand it someone compromised my IP address and is using it to download child pornography," Krugman said in a since-deleted tweet.
The tweet drew baffled responses from Twitter users, many of whom pointed out that an IP address isn't a device or system that can be compromised - it's just a number that identifies a computer on a WiFi network.
Krugman later said that, after his colleagues at the Times looked into the issue, he realised the phone call was likely a scam. A spokesperson for the Times said in a statement to Business Insider that the paper's security team determined Krugman had fallen victim to a scam.
Deleted original tweet. Times thinks it may have been a scam. Anyway, will have more security in future— Paul Krugman (@paulkrugman) January 9, 2020
The incident appears to be an example of a phishing scam, in which scammers pose as an authority or service provider (like a computer security service) to scare their victims into handing over personal information.
Here's everything you need to know about phishing scams and how you can avoid them.
The majority of hacks and breaches are the result of phishing.
According to a 2019 cybersecurity study published by Verizon, most breaches in the past year involved hackers stealing people's credentials using phishing scams.
Phishing is a rising threat, according to cybersecurity experts.
According to the Verizon report, email-based phishing scams are on the rise, and are the most prominent form of cyberattack.
Phishing usually starts with a call, email, or pop-up that looks legitimate but is actually coming from a scammer. Beware of anyone who asks for personal information via email or phone, especially when you weren't expecting them to get in contact.
According to a guide compiled by Google, phishing attempts usually seek out usernames, passwords, bank account numbers, or personal information. Most legitimate organisations will never ask you to send sensitive information via email.
If you receive an email or phone call that you weren't expecting that's asking for personal information, try to verify where it's coming from.
If it's an email, double check the sender's email address to make sure it's coming from the domain they claim to be affiliated with - scammers will regularly use slightly modified email domains meant to resemble the real deal. You can also use online tools to check whether the email is authenticated.
When in doubt, cease communication and try to contact the organisation directly.
If you're communicating with someone who you suspect isn't with the organisation they say they are, try to verify with that organisation directly. For example, if someone says they're with your phone provider and is asking for personal information, hang up and call your phone provider directly.
If you spot phishing, report it.
Most email and phone providers have internal channels to report suspected phishing attempts. The Department of Homeland Security also encourages people to report phishing through their website.
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