Microsoft has patented a chatbot to imitate a deceased loved one, or celebrity
- Microsoft has been granted a patent for a chatbot that can take on the personality of real people.
- The chatbot would be created through content readily available on social media.
- Microsoft's General Manager of AI Programs says he is unaware of any plans to build the chatbot.
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Microsoft has been issued a sci-fi-sounding patent for a chatbot that could take on another person's personality and likeness.
According to documents from the US Patent and Trademark Office, the chatbot would be created through information that could easily be gathered on social media - images, voice data, behavioural information, social media posts, and text messages. It could even take on a physical presence, the documents show, which include plans for two and three dimensional recreations of people gathered through photos and videos of the individual.
While Microsoft's patent does not specifically say that the product would be used to bring deceased people back to life digitally, the plan does use dead loved ones as an example of how the chatbot could be implemented to recreate and imitate individuals from the real world.
"The specific person may correspond to a past or present entity (or a version thereof), such as a friend, a relative, an acquaintance, a celebrity, a fictional character, a historical figure, a random entity, etc," the patent reads.
After the news of Microsoft's patent hit social media, users compared it to an episode from "Black Mirror," called "Be Right Back," which follows a character bringing a loved one back from the dead after a car crash using technology similar to that described in the patent. Like most Black Mirror episodes the story takes a dark path when the character realises the AI representation does not truly bring her deceased loved one back to her.
The patent was filed in 2017, but approved in December. Tim O'Brien, General Manager of AI Programs at Microsoft responded to some of the concerned tweets about the patent online, saying he's looking into the patent, though he's not aware of any plans to actually build or ship it.
Ya, I get it, no worries. At any rate, confirmed that thereâ€™s no plan for this. But if I ever get a job writing for Black Mirror, Iâ€™ll know to go to the USPTO website for story ideas.— Tim O'Brien (@_TimOBrien) January 22, 2021
The use of another person's likeness or personality could also cause some interesting legal battles if implemented. In many jurisdictions, you can be sued for using another person's likeness, name, or personal attributes for profit or other form of exploitation.
Even the use of a deceased individuals likeness could cause legal troubles, with postmortem rights recognised in some places.
It is not uncommon for a person's likeness to be used without their consent, for example an individual can be legally photographed in public without their consent. Similarly, many celebrities in Hollywood have continued to be represented in media without their consent even after death, with celebrities like Michael Jackson and Elvis Presley continuing to generate millions decades after their deaths.
In 2019, one production company brought James Dean back digitally, using existing footage and photos to recreate the actor through CGI for the war film, "Finding Jack."
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