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In a speech 2 months ago, Kim Jong Un hinted at military escalation if Trump doesn't give him the sanctions relief he demanded

Bill Bostock , Business Insider US
 Feb 28, 2019, 10:36 PM
Kim Jong Un delivering his New Year speech in January 2019, where he warned that North Korea could find a "new way for defending the sovereignty of the country" if the US didn't lift sanctions.

  • Kim Jong Un suggested in a New Year's speech two months ago that if the US didn't ease sanctions on North Korea, Pyongyang could resort to military escalation.
  • On Thursday, he and President Donald Trump ended their summit in Vietnam early because Kim refused to give up enough nuclear sites, and the US refused to relax all sanctions on North Korea, according to Trump.
  • In his New Year's speech Kim said that if the US "persists in imposing sanctions and pressure" he will find a "new way for defending the sovereignty" of the country.
  • North Korea said it had stopped testing nuclear missiles in April 2018.

Kim Jong Un warned two months ago that if the US didn't ease sanctions on North Korea that he would seek a new, potentially military, way to defend his country's sovereignty.

On Thursday, President Donald Trump said he was unable to strike a deal with Kim at their meeting in Vietnam because Kim was only willing to give up some of his nuclear sites in exchange for total sanctions relief, which Trump refused to concede.

Read more: Trump says North Korea summit collapsed because Kim demanded total sanctions relief in exchange for closing only some of his nuclear sites

Kim and Trump at the Sofitel Legend Metropole hotel in Hanoi on Thursday.

In his New Year's Day speech this year, Kim said that his country "may be compelled to find a new way" to defend itself if the US didn't lift sanctions. Trump confirmed to reporters on Thursday that all of current US sanctions are still "in place, yes."

Sitting on a leather chair with a black suit and grey tie last month, Kim hinted that the lack of sanctions relief - as was seen in Hanoi, Vietnam, on Thursday - could merit a military response or escalation.

"If the United States does not keep the promise it made in the eyes of the world, and out of miscalculation of our people's patience, it attempts to unilaterally enforce something upon us and persists in imposing sanctions and pressure against our Republic," he said, according to a translation by the state-run Rodong Sinmun, "we may be compelled to find a new way for defending the sovereignty of the country and the supreme interests of the state and for achieving peace and stability of the Korean peninsula."

Watch the New Year's address here:

The alternative means of defence that Kim mentioned in the speech could be the restarting of nuclear missile tests - which North Korea said it ended last April, and which Kim affirmed his commitment to halting on Thursday.

Kim's speech last month could also hint at an expansion of the 12 nuclear sites that already exist in the country.

Read more: The White House was confident enough of a deal with Kim to schedule a signing ceremony, but had to abandon it when talks collapsed

Prior to the summit US intelligence and North Korea experts repeatedly warned that Pyongyang is unlikely to give up its nuclear arms. An intelligence report published last month reiterated the idea that the country's leaders view nuclear arms as "critical to regime survival."

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