Things that were invented much earlier than you probably thought

Business Insider US
  • Some products, especially those that use technology, seem like they were invented recently.
  • However, many pieces of today's technology have been in development for decades.
  • Vaccines seem like a relatively new medical innovation, but they have actually been around for over 200 years.
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Though modern science and medicine have made great advancements in recent decades, many of their predecessors date back far earlier.

Vaccines, for example, have been around for hundreds of years - the first one was created to treat smallpox. Today, vaccines help control a number of infectious diseases, and have become the single greatest tool in eradicating them.

Take a look at all the products that were invented earlier than you'd think.

Chris Weller contributed to a previous version of this post.

Vaccines were first developed in 1796 by Edward Jenner, who was searching for a way to treat smallpox.

Edward Jenner introduced the first vaccine before the turn of the 19th century - a rudimentary version of the cowpox virus to eliminate smallpox.

A milkmaid named Sarah Nelmes approached Jenner with several cowpox lesions on her hand. Jenner drew fluid from the lesions, then scratched it into the skin of an 8-year-old boy, his first test subject.

Though the boy came down with a fever initially, his illness quickly abated. When Jenner later introduced the smallpox virus, the boy was immune.

The first battery was invented in 1800 by Alessandro Volta.

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Volta initially called the device an "artificial electric organ," in response to the prevailing theory at the time that animal tissue was necessary for conductivity.

Instead, he used stacked metal disks and brine-soaked rags. They conducted electricity. The battery was born.

The microphone was invented in 1876. German clerk, Emile Berliner, built on Alexander Graham Bell's telephone invention.

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Shortly after Alexander Graham Bell unveiled his newly invented telephone, German clerk Emile Berliner realised the device's transmitter was fairly weak.

So, with only a rudimentary knowledge of electricity, Berliner set to work on a so-called loose-contact transmitter, which amplified the noise that came from Bell's existing model.

Bell's company, the American Bell Telephone Company, was so impressed with Berliner's work that it hired him as an assistant in its lab.

Josephine Garis Cochran invented the dishwasher in 1886.

A few days after Christmas in 1886, Josephine Garis Cochran submitted a request to the US Patent Office.

Cochran went on to found a manufacturing company for her invention, which eventually became KitchenAid.

Artificial eye manufacturer F.A. Mueller created the first contact lenses in 1887.

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In a weird transition from ordinary eyeglasses, the contact lenses of the late 19th century were made entirely of glass and meant to cover a person's whole eye.

They were initially called "scleral lenses," referring to the white of the eye.

New York inventor Jesse Reno designed the first escalator in 1892.

Reno's first model was installed at the Old Iron Pier at Coney Island as a ride. The invention quickly gained favour among the Industrial Revolution's miners and factory workers, who could spare their legs the long journey to work.

The first Oreo was created in 1912 inside a Nabisco factory in New York City.

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According to Gizmodo, Oreos were released as part of a trio of "highest class biscuits" that included Mother Goose Biscuit and Veronese Biscuits. However, neither of the other two biscuits remain today - and Oreos have only grown in popularity.

The first drone was called the Ruston Proctor Aerial Target, and was launched in 1917.

The Ruston Proctor Aerial Target was a radio-controlled pilotless airplane, and was based on technology from the inventor Nikola Tesla.

The Aerial Target was meant to act as a flying bomb that could be piloted into enemies. However, it was never used in a combat.

Converse sneakers received their All-Star name in 1917.

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All-Stars, Converse, Chuck Taylors - whatever you know them by - originally started as the shoe for basketball players, though they're better known now as casual sneakers.

A. H. Grebe, a radio manufacturer from New York, created the first car radio in 1919.

Grebe tested out an early version of a car radio that would later come to define a budding car culture of the 1920s.

Grebe's set up included the vacuum tube in the backseat, a small motor to power the vacuum tube, and a separate battery to power the radio itself.

R. Stanton Avery invented what would become stickers in 1935.

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According to The New York Times, Avery invented a machine to make self-adhesive labels with a $100 investment from his future wife Dorothy Durfee, who was a teacher.

Avery started a company in 1935 called Kum Kleen Products, but renamed it to Avery Adhesives in 1936. The brand still lives on today as Avery Dennison.

The first artificial heart was invented in 1961 by Paul Winchell and Dr. Henry Heimlich.

With help from Dr. Henry Heimlich, comedian and ventriloquist Paul Winchell filed his patent for the world's first artificial heart in 1961.

The device included a small battery pack worn outside the body that controlled the pumping mechanism within.

While Winchell's design was accepted two years later, it wouldn't be until 1982 that the invention would see the first successful implantation in a human.

The internet was actually created as early as 1969.

Shortly before midnight on October 29, 1969, engineers from UCLA sent Stanford Research Institute the word "LOG" one letter at a time over a newly formed network called ARPANET.

It was a primitive system, but the setup held the core ingredients that would eventually create the internet as we know it.

The first cell phone was invented by Motorola researcher Martin Cooper in 1973.

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The prototype offered just 30 seconds of call time and required 10 hours to charge - not to mention, it weighed almost 2.5 pounds.

Though GPS was made available to consumers relatively recently, it has been around since 1978.

Known as Navstar 1, the first satellite to reach orbit did so in 1978. It has long since been taken out of orbit, but it helped usher in a new era of interconnectedness around the world.

Thanks to the 1978 launch, we can now yell at our phones for being too pushy with driving directions.

MP3 players were created by British inventor, Kane Kramer, in 1979.

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Two decades before Apple unveiled the iPod, Kramer filed a patent for his digital audio music player, which he called the IXI.

The device was roughly the size of a pack of cigarettes, featured a four-button control system, and could hold about three and a half minutes of music.

"In a matter of seconds," the filing read, "a live performance at Carnegie Hall can be recorded and available in shops all over the world."

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