"The Wolf of Wall Street" portrays a very toxic workplace rife with harassment, misconduct, and problematic behavior.
"The Wolf of Wall Street"/Paramount Pictures
  • In recent weeks, former or current employees at places like Refinery 29, Bon Appetit, and LinkedIn have alleged having to work in a toxic environment.
  • While bullying is one of the most obvious signs you're in a toxic workplace, there are more subtle signs you work in a problematic office, according to Robert Sutton, an organisational psychologist and the author of "The Asshole Survival Guide."
  • Criticism and office gossip are other telltale signs, according to Paul White, a psychologist and the coauthor of "Rising Above a Toxic Workplace."
  • If you find yourself in a toxic workplace, be prepared to speak up for yourself, lean on your work friends, and if necessary, quit.
  • For more stories, go to Business Insider's home page.

In the wake of nationwide protests against racial injustice and police brutality, more workers have been speaking up about alleged racism from colleagues. Some of the biggest recent examples include current or former employees at places like Refinery29, Bon Appétit, and LinkedIn detailing toxic workplaces.

But what makes for a toxic workplace environment anyways? Bullying is one of the most obvious signs - and it's a lot more common than most would expect. That's according to Robert Sutton, a professor of management science at the Stanford University School of Engineering and the author of "The Asshole Survival Guide" and "Good Boss, Bad Boss."

In a 2017 survey of more than 1,000 US workers, nearly one out of every five had experienced or was experiencing workplace bullying, according to the Workplace Bullying Institute, an education and research organisation focused on office abuse.

There are subtle indicators that your workplace is awash in unfair practices and bad, unproductive, and perhaps even dangerous behaviour. Here's what the experts said you should to identify them - and your options if you realise your workplace is too toxic.

1. People at work don't speak up

One of the telltale signs that an office is toxic is how much, or how little, people talk in meetings and in group settings, Sutton said.

"When people with less power try to speak up, they get shut down," he told Business Insider. "There's sort of a cold silence as leaders talk. That, to me, is a sign of fear."

When you've got a few people in power who do all the talking, and everyone else sits idly by, it's an indication not everyone's ideas are heard and that there are stark differences in the way people at different levels are treated, he said.

2. Your coworkers lack energy

"People being worn out; that's a sign of a toxic workplace," Sutton said, adding that lethargic coworkers could indicate neglect, employees being overworked, or that they have started thinking that contributing isn't worth the criticism they'll likely receive.

3. Employees don't stay at their jobs for very long

If you catch wind that a company has a high turnover rate, run the other way, Sutton said.

"That's clear as day, when people start leaving," he said.

4. People criticise one another, and there's a lot of gossiping

In a toxic workplace, communication isn't clear and open, which leads to misunderstandings and arguments, according to Paul White, a speaker, trainer, psychologist, and coauthor of "Rising Above a Toxic Workplace." Leaders don't express appreciation and praise, and that negative attitude spreads throughout the company. "Grumbling and complaining by employees is common - they can find something to complain about almost anytime. Then sarcasm and cynicism show up, which demonstrates a growing lack of trust of management and leadership and turns into a low-level seething disgruntlement," White previously wrote on Business Insider.

5. Your mood outside work changes for no other apparent reason

Everyone has some stress that affects them at work, but if you find yourself lashing out at your partner, withdrawing from friends, having trouble sleeping, or gaining weight, it might be because you work in a bad environment, according to White.

It's important to deal with the stress head-on, as the effects can literally be life-altering.

"Emotionally, we become more discouraged, which can lead to depression. For some, they are more irritable, 'touchy,' and demonstrate problems managing their anger. Others experience anxiety and a general sense of dread when they think about work. These symptoms then can lead to increased use of alcohol, prescription drugs, and illegal substances," the psychologist wrote.

If this sounds like your workplace, here's what you should do

  1. Be prepared to speak up for yourself

If you sense you're working in a toxic office, be prepared to stand up for your own interests, Sutton said. If you feel comfortable, talk with your boss or human-resources department.

  1. Avoid the bad apples.

"When you have a nasty boss, avoid them," Sutton said. "One person I know, where she works, she has the option to work from home a lot. So she and her colleagues will all sort of coordinate to find out what mood the boss is in and will work from home if the boss is in a bad mood."

  1. Make friends at work.

Find a friend or two at work with whom you can vent or joke.

"There's always stuff that you can't change, that you have to cope with. So to me, it's about supporting each other emotionally. It's joking about it. It's reminding each other this isn't going to last forever," Sutton said.

  1. Get out of there.

If you find that you're being passed up for opportunities, your voice isn't being heard, and you're constantly dreading work, start looking for another job and updating your résumé. Take a personal day to get a head start on your job search. When all else fails, especially if your physical and mental health is suffering, quit.

"I'm a big believer of quitting," Sutton said. "Quitting is underrated."

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