1993 Harley-Davidson FLSTF Fatboy.
  • Harley-Davidson is discontinuing its operations in India, the world’s largest motorcycle market.
  • It has struggled to grab market share since entering the country in 2011, and has consistently sold fewer than 3,000 of its iconic bikes.
  • Auto experts have said that high taxes, a drop in discretionary spending, and low-cost competitors have hurt the company.
  • Harley-Davidson has joined General Motors, Ford, and other vehicle manufacturers in pulling out of the Indian market.
  • Visit Business Insider's homepage for more stories.

Harley-Davidson is closing its operations in India, the biggest motorcycle market in the world.

The company, founded in 1903, has struggled to crack the high-volume, low-margin Indian market. Since opening there in 2011, it has consistently sold fewer than 3,000 of its iconic bikes per year.

It is shutting down its manufacturing in the country and significantly scaling back its sales operation, it said Thursday.

Experts in the auto industry said that Harley-Davidson has battled against high taxes and low-cost competitors, such as Hero and Japan's Honda, per the BBC. Rival company Royal Enfield sells its motorcycles at around $2,714 (R46,000) compared with Harley-Davidson's $6,105 (R105,000) "hogs."

The exit involves Harley-Davidson paying millions in restructuring costs, making nearly 70 staff redundant, and shutting down its manufacturing plant in Bawal, northern India.

"The company is changing its business model in India and evaluating options to continue to serve its customers," the company said in a statement on Thursday, adding that it was "communicating with its customers in India and will keep them updated on future support."

The American brand has had a tough year: It reported a loss of $96 million between April to June, its first quarterly loss in more than a decade.

Harley-Davidson didn't immediately respond to a request for comment.

It joined otther vehicle manufacturers that have pulled out of the Indian market. Toyota said September 15 that it was halting a planned expansion due to the country's high tax regime, whilst General Motors left in 2017, after failing to expand its market share. Ford also said in October the automaker was moving the majority of its assets into a joint venture with Indian vehicle firm Mahindra & Mahindra.

Around 17 million motorcycles and scooters are sold in India every year, making it the largest market worldwide.

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