Former Facebook security chief Alex Stamos has issued an explosive warning about the threat of further election interference and hacking, arguing that it is now "too late to protect the 2018 elections" and that the United States "risks allowing its elections to become the World Cup of information warfare".
Stamos is in a good position to know: He led Facebook's response to Russian meddling during the 2016 US presidential election,
Breaking his silence for the first time since leaving Facebook earlier this month, the high-profile executive attacked inaction by American lawmakers in response to the Russian activity in a column in legal publication Lawfare, and laid out the steps he believes are necessary to safeguard elections.
"In some ways, the United States has broadcast to the world that it doesn’t take these issues seriously and that any perpetrators of information warfare against the West will get, at most, a slap on the wrist," Stamos wrote. "While this failure has left the US unprepared to protect the 2018 elections, there is still a chance to defend American democracy in 2020."
The 39-year-old security professional argues that while Russia pioneered information warfare techniques in 2016, its "playbook" is now publicly available for other nation-states and malicious actors to follow, with potentially devastating results.
Russian agents infamously used Facebook to spread misinformation and sow division in America in the run-up to the 2016 election, in support of their favoured candidate, Donald Trump — as well as attempting to hack Democratic Party figures and leaking their emails.
By most accounts, the Silicon Valley company was blindsided by the covert efforts. Its executives, including CEO Mark Zuckerberg, have since said they had focused on traditional security threats like hacking, but hadn't sufficiently considered how their platform could be misused.
There have since been further disclosures of influence campaigns being run on Facebook following the election with targets around the world, including four campaigns that Facebook announced discovery of this week operated by Iran and Russia.
Stamos warned that if meaningful steps are not taken, there could be more election-related hacking and influence campaigns to come: "There are many other US adversaries with well-developed cyber-warfare capabilities, such as China or North Korea, that could decide to push candidates and positions amenable to them—including those supported by Democrats and opposed by Republicans.
"There are also domestic groups that could utilise the same techniques, as many kinds of manipulation might not be illegal if deployed by Americans, and friendly countries might not sit idly by as their adversaries work to choose an amenable US government."
Stamos, who is now joining Stanford University, laid out four steps he argued America should take to safeguard itself:
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