Mumbai is a city of imbalance. With an estimated wealth of R14.2 trillio, the city is the 12th richest in the world, ranking ahead of major urban centers like Paris and Toronto. Much of this prosperity is due to the combination of a large billionaire population and the presence of India's oldest, and most prominent, stock exchange.
At the same time, more than half of the city's population lives in slums, or areas of extreme poverty that often lack access to clean water, electricity, and public transportation. With an estimated 6.5 million people residing in these conditions, Mumbai has the largest slum population of any city in the world.
This disparity is not unique to India. As cities around the world become denser and more urbanized, the gaps between rich and poor have widened to intolerable extremes.
But unlike in many cities, Mumbai's slums sit at the heart of economy activity in the urban core. This has resulted in a unique geography, wherein packed single-story dwellings border the city's expensive high-rise buildings.
In his ongoing photo series, Unequal Scenes, photographer Johnny Miller captures the troubling inequality of Mumbai, whose remarkable progress has given way to many unfortunate side effects.
This inequality is no more evident than in Mumbai, the nation's financial capital and most expensive housing market. In the center of the city, the Dharavi slum - the largest in all of Asia - provides cheaper housing options for low-income residents.
But the environment is less than ideal: The slum's ramshackle, one-story buildings are so crammed, they appear as one large mass from above. Even newly-constructed housing blocks have fallen apart due to neglect.
Many of its inhabitants are second-generation migrants who have lived there for decades. Dharavi homes also function as work spaces for the city's artisans, including potters, tanners, weavers, and soap makers, whose offices are located underneath living spaces and bedrooms.
India's monsoon season lasts from early summer to late fall. Extreme weather has made the nation vulnerable to floods and landslides, resulting in a death toll of around 200 people this year alone. In Mumbai, thousands of people were stranded and transit services were suspended due to heavy rains.
Dharavi has seen a decrease in violent crime since the 1980s, and its proximity to the airport and subway lines has spurred a host of new development.
In addition to artisan workers, Dharavi benefits from a massive recycling industry. As the setting of the popular film Slumdog Millionaire, it also attracts a number of tourists - though many have questioned the ethics of the area's "slum tours."
The park was made possible thanks to a joint project between the Mumbai government and World Wildlife Fund.
Entrance to the park costs less than a cup of tea, or around 14 cents, according to Miller.
The Mithi River separates the Dharavi slum to the right and the Bandra Kurla to the left - the site of many wealthy financiers, real estate professionals, and media execs. The city is currently constructing a bridge to connect the two locations.
On the right, the Bandra Kurla hosts India's top energy company, the Oil and Natural Gas Corporation. But the neighboring slum is home to the Bombay Stock Exchange and the consulate generals of several countries.
The Bombay Stock Exchange issued more than $2.2 trillion worth of shares as of March 2018.
"The city is incredibly busy and huge, but not overwhelming or scary," said Miller. "Understanding the context of a place is important, and I hope that's apparent in the aerial images."
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